Critical Limb Ischemia

Critical Limb Ischemia 

When an individual has symptoms related to blockages in their arteries, treatment must be considered to alleviate the pain or nonhealing wounds that are effecting their quality of life. After evaluation by a vascular expert at Florida Endovascular and Interventional, treatment may involve medications, an exercise program or a procedure to improve the blood flow to the affected area.


At FEI, the vast majority of procedures performed involve minimally invasive, outpatient treatment of the blockages in a patient's arteries. No large incisions and almost no need for visits to the hospital. Examples of the types of procedures performed for arterial blockage are:

  • Atherectomy: A physician places a catheter, or thin tube, into the artery in the leg where the blockage is. A device, delivered by a the catheter, then removes or grinds down the plaque to restore blood flow.

  • Angioplasty: A physician places a catheter into an artery and guides the catheter, tipped with a tiny uninflected balloon, to the blockage. The balloon inflates and compresses the fatty deposits against the inside of the artery wall, making the channel wider so blood flow is restored. Once the channel is reopened, the ballon is deflated and removed.

  • Stenting: A physician places a small, metal mesh tube within a blockage. The stent stays in the artery and props it open to keep the blood flowing.

  • Surgery: A severely blocked artery may require bypass surgery. In this procedure, a blood vessel is attached above and below the blockage to allow blood to continue to flow to the leg, bypassing the blockage.

Unique Speciality Procedure 

  • Pedal Access: Sometimes, in order to get through a tough blockage and restore blood flow, your doctor may have to place a small catheter in an artery near your ankle.