Varicocele is the number one cause of male infertility and is caused by gonadal vein reflux. Varicose veins develop in the scrotum and can lead to decreased sperm count and motility. In addition, testosterone levels can decrease and eventually varicocele can lead to testicular atrophy.
When symptomatic, varicocele can be treated with outpatient surgical techniques by Urologists or by gonadal vein embolization by the physicians at
Florida Endovascular and Interventional.
Both treatments have been shown to be equally effective and are viable options to treat this disorder. In the case of recurrent varicocele after gonadal vein ligation, the standard treatment is embolization